Mercy Eka's Blog

Welcome! Get the gist as they drop...


This section of my blog will provide the readers an educational opportunity on some common deadly diseases; their signs and symptom, and what you can do to minimize progression.




STROKE. What is stroke?
A stroke is a "brain attack". It can happen to anyone at any time. It occurs when blood flow to an area of brain is cut off. When this happens, brain cells are deprived of oxygen and begin to die. When brain cells begin to die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain such as memory, speech, and muscle control are lost according to National stroke Association ( 2018).
How a person is affected by their stroke depends on where the stroke occurs in the brain and how much of the brain cells are affected or damaged. For example, someone who had a small stroke may only have minor problems such as temporary weakness of an arm or leg. People who have larger strokes may be permanently paralyzed on one side of their body or lose their ability to speak. Some people recover completely from strokes, but more than 2/3 of survivors will have some type of disability.

EPIDEMIOLOGY
Each year nearly 800,000 people experience a new or recurrent stroke.
A stroke happens every 40 seconds.
Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the U.S. But in Nigeria, may be 2nd leading
Every 4 minutes someone dies from stroke.
Up to 80 percent of strokes can be prevented.
Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability in the U.S.

TYPES OF STROKE: There are two types of stroke, hemorrhagic and ischemic. Hemorrhagic strokes are less common, in fact only 15 percent of all strokes are hemorrhagic, but they are responsible for about 40 percent of all stroke deaths.
Hemorrhagic stroke: A hemorrhagic stroke is either a brain aneurysm burst or a weakened blood vessel leak. Blood spills into or around the brain and creates swelling and pressure, damaging cells and tissue in the brain. There are two types of hemorrhagic stroke called intracerebral and subarachnoid (NSA 2018).

The most common hemorrhagic stroke happens when a blood vessel inside the brain bursts and leaks blood into surrounding brain tissue (intracerebral hemorrhage). The bleeding causes brain cells to die and the affected part of the brain stops working correctly. High blood pressure and aging blood vessels are the most common causes of this type of stroke.
Sometimes intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke can be caused by an arteriovenous malformation (AVM). AVM is a genetic condition of abnormal connection between arteries and veins and most often occurs in the brain or spine. If AVM occurs in the brain, vessels can break and bleed into the brain. The cause of AVM is unclear but once diagnosed it can be treated successfully.

This type of stroke involves bleeding in the area between the brain and the tissue covering the brain, known as the subarachnoid space. This type of stroke is most often caused by a burst aneurysm. Other causes include:
AVM
Bleeding disorders
Head injury
Blood thinners
The second type of stroke is Ischemic stroke
Ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel carrying blood to the brain is blocked by a blood clot. This causes blood not to reach the brain. High blood pressure is the most important risk factor for this type of stroke. Ischemic strokes account for about 87% of all strokes. An ischemic stroke can occur in two ways (NSA 2018)

*In an embolic stroke, a blood clot or plaque fragment forms somewhere in the body (usually the heart) and travels to the brain. Once in the brain, the clot travels to a blood vessel small enough to block its passage. The clot lodges there, blocking the blood vessel and causing a stroke. About 15% of embolic strokes occur in people with atrial fibrillation (Afib). The medical word for this type of blood clot is embolus.

*A thrombotic stroke is caused by a blood clot that forms inside one of the arteries supplying blood to the brain. This type of stroke is usually seen in people with high cholesterol levels and atherosclerosis. The medical word for a clot that forms on a blood-vessel deposit is thrombus.
Two types of blood clots can cause thrombotic stroke: large vessel thrombosis and small vessel disease.

Large Vessel Thrombosis
The most common form of thrombotic stroke (large vessel thrombosis) occurs in the brain’s larger arteries. In most cases it is caused by long-term atherosclerosis in combination



with rapid blood clot formation. High cholesterol is a common risk factor for this type of stroke.
Small Vessel Disease
Another form of thrombotic stroke happens when blood flow is blocked to a very small arterial vessel (small vessel disease or lacunar infarction). Little is known about the causes of this type of stroke, but it is closely linked to high blood pressure.

What is TIA?
When blood flow to part of the brain stops for a short period of time, also called transient ischemic attack (TIA), it can mimic stroke-like symptoms. These symptoms appear and last less than 24 hours before disappearing. While TIAs generally do not cause permanent brain damage, they are a serious warning sign that a stroke may happen in the future and should not be ignored

TIAs are usually caused by one of three things:

Low blood flow at a narrow part of a major artery carrying blood to the brain, such as the carotid artery.
A blood clot in another part of the body (such as the heart) breaks off, travels to the brain, and blocks a blood vessel in the brain.
Narrowing of the smaller blood vessel in the brain, blocking blood flow for a short period of time; usually caused by plaque (a fatty substance) build-up.

Some important facts to keep in mind include:

Generally, 40 percent of people who have a TIA will have an actual stroke
Nearly half of all strokes occur within the first few days after a TIA
Symptoms for TIA are the same as for a stroke

MANAGEMENT OF TIA
The goal of TIA management is to prevent a future stroke. The medicine and therapy used depends on the exact cause of the TIA. In addition to lifestyle changes such as diet, physical activity, limiting alcohol intake, and not smoking, your healthcare provider may recommend medications to treat high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or heart disease. These changes may reduce your risk of further TIA or stroke.
There are many medications that help prevent blood clots from forming—reducing the risk of full-blown stroke.
If a TIA is caused by blockage in the main artery in the neck that supplies blood to the brain, called the carotid artery, surgeries may be required to open the artery, and prevent a stroke. These procedures are known as endarterectomy and stenting.

Talk to a healthcare provider about the best stroke prevention options for you. Then take responsibility and enjoy a healthy lifestyle. The lifestyle adjustments such as eating healthy foods and quitting smoking—made today may reduce the risk of stroke tomorrow (NSA 2018).

by Mercy Eka at 13/08/2018 7:41 AM
|
Share this Story


46 responses to “Catholics worldwide begin Lenten Season march 1”

  1. I simply needed to thank you very much once again. I’m not certain the things that I could possibly have made to happen in the absence of the creative ideas contributed by you over such a question. It was an absolute depressing condition in my opinion, however , seeing a skilled style you solved that took me to leap over fulfillment. I’m happy for the work and thus wish you recognize what a powerful job you’re undertaking educating other individuals with the aid of a blog. Most probably you haven’t come across all of us.

  2. my response says:

    I just want to tell you that I’m very new to weblog and truly enjoyed your web page. Almost certainly I’m going to bookmark your blog . You certainly have wonderful articles. Appreciate it for sharing your website page.

  3. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

  4. Metroclick@ says:

    MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  5. Fashion says:

    This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your magnificent post. Also, I’ve shared your website in my social networks!

  6. Emery EPS; says:

    I just wish to advise you that I am new to writing a blog and genuinely cherished your information. Most likely I am prone to bookmark your blog post . You seriously have great article content. Admire it for expressing with us the best domain page

  7. News says:

    Absolutely indited written content, Really enjoyed examining.

  8. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read something like this before. So nice to find somebody with some original thoughts on this subject. realy thank you for beginning this up. this web site is one thing that’s needed on the web, somebody with a bit of originality. helpful job for bringing one thing new to the internet!

  9. News says:

    I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like this one today..

  10. Hiya very cool site!! Man .. Excellent .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your blog and take the feeds also…I’m glad to seek out so many useful information right here in the publish, we need develop extra techniques on this regard, thanks for sharing.

  11. obviously like your web-site but you need to test the spelling on several of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling problems and I to find it very troublesome to inform the reality then again I’ll definitely come again again.

  12. News says:

    We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable info to work on. You’ve done an impressive job and our whole community will be thankful to you.

  13. News says:

    Nice blog here! Also your website loads up very fast! What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  14. Hello! I want to provide a large thumbs up for the wonderful information you have here within this post. I will be coming back to your blog post for much more soon.

  15. News says:

    Very interesting subject , regards for putting up. “The great aim of education is not knowledge but action.” by Herbert Spencer.

  16. KDF says:

    I reckon something truly special in this internet site.

  17. Fashion says:

    I have been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this web site. Thank you, I’ll try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your site?

  18. Hello.This article was extremely interesting, especially since I was searching for thoughts on this issue last week.

  19. News says:

    Some truly prime posts on this internet site , saved to bookmarks .

  20. I gotta favorite this internet site it seems very helpful invaluable

  21. News says:

    I do trust all of the concepts you have offered in your post. They are very convincing and will definitely work. Still, the posts are very quick for novices. May just you please prolong them a bit from next time? Thank you for the post.

  22. News says:

    I really enjoy looking through on this internet site , it has wonderful content . “Something unpredictable but in the end it’s right, I hope you have the time of your life.” by Greenday.

  23. Hello very cool website!! Man .. Excellent .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds also¡KI am satisfied to search out numerous useful information here in the post, we want develop extra strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  24. I think other web-site proprietors should take this website as an model, very clean and fantastic user friendly style and design, let alone the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  25. Fashion says:

    Good – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related info ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task.

  26. News says:

    I gotta bookmark this web site it seems very beneficial very helpful

  27. You made some nice points there. I did a search on the subject and found most people will consent with your site.

  28. I enjoy you because of your whole labor on this web page. My mum really likes making time for research and it’s really obvious why. We know all of the dynamic ways you offer insightful tips and tricks through this web site and as well welcome contribution from other people on this subject matter plus our princess is undoubtedly discovering a great deal. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. You have been doing a powerful job.

  29. Hello my friend! I want to say that this article is awesome, nice written and include almost all significant infos. I’d like to look more posts like this.

  30. I dugg some of you post as I thought they were extremely helpful handy

  31. Very interesting information!Perfect just what I was searching for! “The most wasted day of all is that on which we have not laughed.” by Sbastien-Roch Nicolas de Chamfort.

  32. I think you have mentioned some very interesting points , thankyou for the post.

  33. Magnificent site. Lots of useful information here. I’m sending it to several friends ans additionally sharing in delicious. And naturally, thanks for your sweat!

  34. Fantastic site. A lot of useful info here. I am sending it to some pals ans additionally sharing in delicious. And naturally, thank you for your sweat!

  35. News says:

    I believe you have mentioned some very interesting points , appreciate it for the post.

  36. TravelSites says:

    It¡¦s in reality a great and useful piece of information. I¡¦m happy that you just shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  37. BestSkinCare says:

    I’m writing to let you understand what a beneficial encounter my cousin’s girl enjoyed viewing your site. She figured out some pieces, including what it is like to have a wonderful teaching spirit to let other folks really easily know just exactly chosen hard to do subject matter. You really surpassed our desires. I appreciate you for giving the essential, safe, explanatory and as well as cool tips on this topic to Ethel.

  38. Excellent read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing some research on that. And he actually bought me lunch since I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch!

  39. It¡¦s really a nice and useful piece of info. I¡¦m glad that you shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  40. Just wanna tell that this is very useful , Thanks for taking your time to write this.

  41. Some truly good content on this website, thank you for contribution. “Give me the splendid silent sun with all his beams full-dazzling.” by Walt Whitman.

  42. NewHomes says:

    magnificent publish, very informative. I ponder why the other specialists of this sector don’t realize this. You must proceed your writing. I am sure, you have a great readers’ base already!

  43. You are a very intelligent individual!

  44. Wow, superb blog layout! How lengthy have you been blogging for? you make running a blog look easy. The entire look of your site is fantastic, let alone the content!

  45. HealthMaster says:

    Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just too wonderful. I actually like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still care for to keep it wise. I can’t wait to read far more from you. This is really a terrific site.

  46. Very interesting info!Perfect just what I was searching for!

Leave a Reply


Skip to toolbar